Precisely on the eve of All Souls' Day, we have to celebrate an important birth in the world. It's the baby that has posted the number 7,000 million inhabitants of the planet. Her name is Danica and she was born in India, currently the most populous country on Earth and where approximately 11 children are born per minute.
Barely 12 years ago, we were a million people less and the baby who counted the number 6,000 million was a Serbian. The UN foresees that in 2025 we will make a new quantitative leap and the world will await the arrival of the 8 billion baby. According to UN estimates, about two babies are born every secondTherefore, the 7 billion figure will continue to rise over the next decade, reaching 10 billion by 2100.
Undoubtedly, the figure of 7,000 million inhabitants causes a sensation, but also concern. And it is that poverty in the south of the world and the aging population in the north, in addition to little optimistic estimates about the planetary capacity to house an increasing number of human beings, according to UN studies, has marked the celebration of the arrival in the world of little Danica.
Currently, the United Nations, aware that 7,000 million people in the world need sufficient food, energy, opportunities in life for employment and education, rights and freedoms, has created a campaign called 7,000 million actions that focuses on 7 goals: hunger, poverty, gender equality, youth, environment, rights and health. And it is that the disparity in figures between the north and the south, between developed and developing countries continue to be abysmal. Thus, still in sub-Saharan Africa, life expectancy is 54 years, and the number of people living on less than $ 1.25 a day was 1.4 billion in 2005, while those who are hungry are 925 million, and therefore 720 children die every hour. Furthermore, social disparities are growing on the planet: in 1960, the wealthiest 20 percent of the world's population owned 70 percent of the wealth, while today they own 77 percent.
Experts agree that the world, due to increasing population density, will have to face enormous challenges in fighting poverty and protecting the environment. Despite the fact that as the years go by, women have had fewer and fewer children since 1960, in the poorest countries, high fertility rates disrupt development and perpetuate poverty, while in some of the richest countries low birth rates and labor shortages raise concerns about the prospects for economic growth and the viability of social security systems.
On the other hand, the world's population is being concentrated in cities, and two out of every three inhabitants live in the most important cities of each of the countries. Of the 7,000 million inhabitants, 1,800 million are young people between 10 and 24 years old, and the UN warns in one of its reports that the countries with the greatest demographic problems are nine, including China, Egypt, Ethiopia, Finland, India, Macedonia (the former Yugoslav republic), Mexico, Mozambique and Nigeria, where despite progress to reduce extreme poverty, the gap between rich and poor is growing.
This new demographic record should be seen as a wake-up call, as newborns arrive in a contradictory world, in which there is a lot of food at the same time, but 1 billion people go to sleep hungry every night.
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